Temple, building constructed for spiritual praise. Most of Christianity calls its places of worship churches; numerous faiths use temple, a word derived in English from the Latin word for time, because of the value to the Romans of the appropriate time of sacrifices. The name synagogue, which is from the Greek for a place of assembly, is typically interchangeable with Jewish temple. Mosque is approximately an Arabic equivalent for temple. The Church of the Latter-day Saints, or Mormon, temples are not places of worship however centres for spiritual regulations to and for the living and for the dead.
Because of the significance of temples in a society, temple architecture frequently represents the best of a culture’s style and workmanship, and, because of ritual requirements, temple architecture varies widely in between one religion and another. The ziggurats of the Mesopotamian culture were elaborately designed and decorated, and their “stair-step” design rose to a point where a god or gods might dwell and where only special priests were enabled. Ancient Egypt had temples to gods, however since the main issue of its faith was the afterlife of souls, its pyramidal burial places became its main shrines and a lot of familiar architectural heritage.
In the ancient Greek religion the various gods were the most crucial focus, and Classical Greek temple architecture produced structures that stressed that focus. The design and design of Greek temples had an extensive effect on architecture of later periods in the West, starting with the Roman.
Throughout the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC, Roman temples began to evince Greek influence, using the Greek decorative design however placing the altar within the temple and eventually developing entire forums, or meeting places, of which the temple was the centre. In Roman temple architecture, the columns, in their various styles, soon ended up being engaged rather than freestanding, and circular as well as rectangular temples were developed. Byzantine and Western church architecture developed from these bases in the Hellenistic styles, and the names and styles of this design of temple architecture still survive in the West.
In the East and Middle East, too, temple style expresses the nature of the religious beliefs. The asceticism and rich meaning of Jainism is reflected in that faith’s wonderfully decorated monastery-like structures in India, both above the ground in easy cloisters and listed below the ground in caverns. Other Indian temple architecture, although it tends to follow the pattern of a basic layout with a highly embellished exterior, differs according to the ritual. Hindu temples, which differ regionally in style, normally consist of a towering shrine and a columned hall surrounded by an elaborate wall. Buddhist temples range from half-buried sanctuaries with highly sculpted entryways to single, carved towers or statues. Muslim temples in India, as elsewhere, are normally domed structures embellished with coloured tiles on the outside and covering a big main sanctuary and arcaded yards within.
The Chinese (and later on, Japanese) version of the Buddhist temple tends to be a one-story building of richly sculpted, painted, or tiled lumber constructed around an atrium utilized for worship, although pagodas, which were in some cases built as temples, were towering stacks of brightly coloured, wing-roofed stories over a little shrine. By contrast, the Shintō temples of Japan are almost huts, so basic and rustic are their style.
In the Americas, Incan and Mayan temples were built of stone and were typically extremely sculpted. In general, because of the offered innovation as well as the religious belief, they were stair-stepped pyramids, with the shrine at the top. Chichén Itzá, the ruins of which stay in the Yucatán Peninsula, has excellent examples of this kind of pre-Columbian temple architecture.
Modern temple architecture, particularly in North America however somewhere else on the planet also, is for the most part diverse, with both traditional and modern-day designs being utilized to accommodate the needs of the religious beliefs for which the temple is designed.